The Prophet set an example for the treatment of women in marriage through his relationship with his first wife Khadijah. Every Muslim is the recipient, guardian, and executor of God's will on earth; his responsibilities are all encompassing. It must also be noted that certain social practices in some Muslim countries are not required by Islam, but have simply evolved in the course of time as a result of indigenous cultural factors. There are therefore some differences between males and females in Islam, between Muslims and Dhimmis, and Muslims and non-Dhimmis. These glimmering, whitewashed structures dominate the landscape, their colors shift with the changing light, and their flights of architectural fantasy seem to come in an infinite variety. Indeed, on these differences is erected an elaborate structure of individual and social rights and obligations. Individual Responsibility. social system. Sign up to receive the latest publications, event invitations, and our weekly newsletter delivered to your inbox. The Prophet's Hadith. That is why they tried to imitate western culture without distinguishing between this western culture and its material forms. If he cannot, then by his tongue (speak up, verbally oppose); if he cannot, then by his gaze (silent expression of disapproval); and if he cannot, then in his heart. You are (members) one of another" [Al- Imran:195] ----- Hence, equality between men and women is not an issue for discussion, nor is it an issue which forms a subject in the social system. Lailat al Isra' wa al-Mi'raj, this festival commemorates the Prophet's miraculous journey, from Mecca to Jerusalem to heaven and then back to Mecca in the same night, is celebrated on the 27th day of the month of Rajab. 2 1.3.2 As a consequence of the fewer number of days in the lunar year, the lunar calendar is unrelated to the progression of the seasons. Other calendars in use at the time were tied to other states and religions, and so, the historian al-Biruni tells us, the caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab decided to develop a new calendar based on the advent of Islam, taking July 16, 622 A.D., the date of the Hijrah or the Prophet's sojourn from Mecca to Madina, as the starting point of the calendar of the Muslim era. In Hindu society by that time women of the lower caste were not allowed to cover their breast and if any women wanted to do so, she had to pay a tax called Breast Tax. Behold! Rajab Allah enjoineth (orders) justice (or injustice) and kindness (or unkindness) and to give to (one's) kinsfolk... Ramadan The noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the best in conduct. Introduction Of Veil: Before the introduction of Islam there was no proper system of veil (veil) in society. The search for justice is one of the continuing quests of humankind. Every Muslim is accountable to his Creator for what he himself does or fails to do—as well as for others for whom he may be accountable—and for things that he has control over. Qur'an 3:92. Islam: Brief introduction. Rabi' al-Awwal This was without a reason which necessitated contact, and without the need in society for such mixing. If we look deeply into the global crises, it will come out of hidden text that these are numberless. What made things worse was that the imitators gave themselves complete free reign over personal freedom, until a woman would directly contact a man just for the sake of contact and for the enjoyment of personal freedom. No longer were women denied a human face. She said, 'He served his wife." Only the organisation of their interests requires a system in view of the fact that they live in the same country even if they did not meet. The Prophet's Hadith, "The most perfect of the believers in faith is the best of them in moral excellence, and the best of you are the kindest of you to their wives." This dual religious and social character of Islam, expressing itself in one way as a religious community commissioned by God to bring its own value system to the world through the jihād (“exertion,” commonly translated as “holy war” or “holy struggle”), explains the astonishing success of the early generations of Muslims. Each member of a society must fulfill his own obligations and rely on others to fulfill theirs before that society can acquire the necessary reservoir of social rights and privileges which can then be shared by all. The need to unite the family and to ensure its happiness was felt by all Muslims, and the search for a solution to this serious problem occupied the minds of many people. Thus, this meeting (Ijtima') befits more to be designated as the social system, because in reality it is this system which organises the meeting between men and women, and the relationships which arise from such meetings. Everything is forgivable by Allah except Shirk (the negation of the existence of the Singularity, Uniqueness and Oneness of the Creator.) 'Id al-Adha, the Feast of Sacrifice, also known as the Great Feast, falls seventy days after 'Id al-Fitr, on the 10th of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah. Allah is described in the Qur'an as the Forgiving and the Merciful. This particular closeness between the individual and God is paramount in belief as well as in practice. It should be understood that this solution is not dictated by the mind but by the Shar’a. Due to this, the society in Muslims countries continued to oscillate between two notions: imitation (Taqleed) and rigid narrow mindedness (Jumud). Peoples' conception, especially the Muslims, of the social system in Islam became extremely confused. Jumada al-Awwal In judicial matters the oath of the Muslim prevails over that of the non-Muslim. Muharram As for the mind, its role is to understand the solution, that the solution is for Muslim men and women who live a specific lifestyle which is the lifestyle which Allah (swt) has obliged them to live. A woman must specifically consent to marriage and cannot be forced to accept a husband she does not approve of. political system of Islam is based on three principles: Tawhid(unity of Allah), Risalat(Prophethood) and Khilafat(vicegerency). In time, of course, social barriers will disappear—as they are disappearing now—because Muslim women will expect and demand it. They were unable to comprehend the way in which the two genders can co-operate with each other, even though the well being (Salah) of the Ummah stems from this co-operation. Allah is advising us that our worship is incomplete without helping deeds. Nonetheless, these rules of dress and behavior—however restrictive they may appear to Western eyes—serve a social function. Late jurists (Fuqaha) ascribed five (types) of 'Awrah to women: 'Awrah in prayer, 'Awrah when in the presence of male Mahrams, 'Awrah when in the presence of foreign (non Mahram) men, 'Awrah when amongst other Muslim women and 'Awrah amongst non-muslim women. The element of forbearance and forgiveness has to be predicated on knowledge, awareness, and truth. The parties should either hold Together on equitable terms, Or separate with kindness. Although fifteen years his elder, Muhammad remained a faithful and devoted husband for twenty-six years, contrary to the tradition of polygamy which prevailed at the time in Arabia. The meeting of a man with a man and a woman with a woman does not require a system because no problems arise from it, nor do relationships arise which require a system. The meeting of people is not considered, what is noted is only the relationships (‘Alaqat). A man, for example, stands to inherit twice as much as a woman, but then he must provide for his own wife and family and relatives should the need arise. They also noticed that the material forms were manifested in western woman and she manifested them, so they imitated her or tried to imitate her without realising that these forms agreed with the western culture, its concepts about life, and its depiction of life which contradict with the culture of Islam, its concepts about life, and its depiction of life. Social concept of Islam aims at the development of an individual and hence the development of whole Muslim community. This is because such people on both sides, amongst the imitators, the narrow minded, the scholars and the educated were far from being described as thinkers. However, they did this without understanding the systems of Islam nor were the Shari'ah rules clear to them. Qadar does not imply inaction, but, rather, acceptance. This contact between the sexes was made for the sake of socialising and merely for the enjoyment of personal freedom. © 2018 Middle East Institute All Rights Reserved | Accessibility Policy | Built by Social Driver. Upon review of the facts, it appeared that the man was in despair over a personal tragedy. The Prophet's Hadith. Collective morality is expressed in the Qur'an in such terms as equality, justice, fairness, brotherhood, mercy, compassion, solidarity, and … The advent of Islam fundamentally altered the status of women in several ways. The evil effect of this faction, spread to the other factions in society. There are 11 leap years in every cycle of 30 years, the intercalated day always being added to the last day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the last month of the year. The same holds true of traditional rules of dress and behavior. It is therefore not sufficient to be pious without performing deeds which demonstrate one's beliefs. Consequently they tried to adopt this culture because those material forms, produced by the followers and advocates of this culture, were seen as a sign of progress. Therefore, they called for securing the personal freedom of Muslim woman and granting her the right to do whatever she wished. The equality of all Muslims is emphasized repeatedly throughout the Qur'an. Societies may erect barriers, but nothing in the spirit of the Qur'an subjugates women to men. Qur'an 16:90, "What did the Prophet do when in his house? Forbearance and forgiveness depend on the believer's recognition and acceptance of what he has done and his genuine repentance with an intent not to repeat the misdeed. It was feared that the Muslim household would lose its Islamic character, and the Muslim family would lose the guidance of the thoughts of Islam, and stray from valuing its rules and thoughts. The Prophet then asked how he earned h… He was told that the man was in the mosque all day long, worshipping and dispensing the words of Allah to others. For social workers in the Muslim world, authentization of social work implied the integration of Islamic religious knowledge with current practice theories. The notions of brotherhood and solidarity not only impose upon the community the duty to care for' its members, but also require each person to use his initiative to carry out individual and social responsibilities according to his ability. They were completely ignorant of the thoughts and rules of Islam, which relate to the meeting of the man and the woman. By the same token, a person may during his life do so much good as to be one step removed from heaven and then do one evil deed that would be sufficient to earn him hell. Dhu al-Hijjah. That is why Muslims are encouraged to forgive the bad deeds of others committed against them. They did not study the Shari'ah rules intellectually by accurately applying them to the reality so as to be in full agreement with it. Changes were made to the school system with regards to the mixing of boys and girls. This is because the Islamic society considers the extra-marital relationship as one of the grave sins (Kaba'ir) for which there is severe punishment; either flogging or stoning to death. Thus, the application of the term 'social system' to all of these relationships is meaningless and inapplicable. The Prophet's Hadith. The economic structure of Islam preserves the rights of the individual and instructs social … Social System An Islamic society is the society whose members have faith in Islam, apply its laws in their life, abide by its moral standards of love, brotherhood, equality, mercy, and trust, performing religious duties and abstaining from doing what is unlawful. Many books were written demonstrating the societal solution and amendments were made to the laws of the Shari'ah courts and electoral systems. According to this they called for the total segregation (Hijab) of women preventing them from seeing or being seen by anyone. The Islamic Economic System is established on the foundation of justice and providing the needs of the people to save them from poverty and need. To the Shia, for example; Fatimah is an authoritative source of the Prophet's sayings and deeds. An Introduction to the Islamic Social System Nothing has received more vilification from commentators and writers then the issue of Islam’s view on women. They did not understand the reality, or they didn't understand the Hukm of Allah (swt). After her death Muhammad remarried, but he always remembered Khadijah with love and spoke of her with reverence. The perception of many people, especially the Muslims, of the social system in Islam became As for the meeting of a man with a woman and vice versa, it is from this meeting that problems and relationships arise which need to be organised by a system. The Social System in Islam is concerned with men and women, and the regulation of the way they interact with each other, whether in the private or public arenas. Consequently, their views were not able to stand in the face of attacking thoughts, or impede the overwhelming flow of western ideas, or have even the slightest effect in elevating the aspects of the social system amongst the Muslims. By no means shall ye attain righteousness unless ye give (freely) of that which ye love; and whatever ye give, of a truth God knoweth it well. (Aramco World Magazine, January-February 1998; photo Kevin Bubriski). Safar Many Muslims attempted to transfer western culture without understanding it, like the one who copies a book restricting Himself just to the writing of words and letters. The evil effect that this faction of imitators who embarked on applying such ideas had was that the relationship between a man and a woman became solely restricted to a male-female relationship. Because of the Muslim's belief in accountability in the hereafter, his oath is valid evidence in any judicial or extra-judicial process. The social aspect in the West was taken as the ideal model and western society was taken as a benchmark (Miqyas) without considering the fact that western society does not care about extra-marital sex and does not see in it any shame, defamation or breach of the correct and acceptable behaviour, nor any violation or threat to morality. In an Islamic society, one has to respect the rights of others and conduct good duties towards each other. This happened inspite of the existence of scholars in the Ummah, who are of the foremost Mujtahidin and scholars of mazahib in terms of their knowledge and erudition, and in spite of the existence of an intellectual and legislative wealth at the disposal of Muslims which is unparalleled compared to any other wealth of any other nation. Thus Islam believes in free will, and to the extent that this exists a person is responsible for its exercise in the framework of Islamic morality. • Introduction to Social System • The View of Man and Woman • The Impact of this View on the Relationship between Men and Women And that what is required is the treatment of this meeting and the resultant relationship and that which branches out from it. The following equation can be used to calculate the Hijrah year in which the corresponding Gregorian year began: The Islamic calendar was devised in the seventh century in response to the exigencies of governing the far-flung Abbasid empire. On protecting the dignity and self-respect of women, for example, the Qur'an is emphatic and unequivocal: One of the seven hudud crimes is maligning a woman's reputation. Besides, the word 'social' is a description of a system, thus the subject matter of this system should be the organisation of the problems arising from the meeting (of people) or the relationships that arise from people meeting together. First, and most importantly, it overturned tradition by according women equal status before Allah. In this manner those transferors and imitators continued to destroy the social aspect in Muslims life in the name of reviving women and under the pretext of working to revive the Ummah. Therefore, the social system is defined as: the system which organises the meeting of a man with a woman and vice versa and organises the relationship which results from their meeting and all that branches out from this relationship. It requires the strength to change what can be changed and the fortitude to accept what cannot. They did not comprehend that culture constitutes a set of concepts about life and a specific way of living while civilisation (Madaniyya) denotes the material forms, or tangible objects, in life, irrespective of concepts about life or the way of living. Moreover, although women and men are subject to the same religious obligations—such as prayer, fasting, pilgrimage to Mecca—women pray separately from men. However, the fact that there is not absolute parity in all rights and privileges does not mean that women do not share an overall equality with men. Social System of Islam by Abul Ala Maududi. For example, a male Muslim inherits twice the share of the female, but then a male relative has the financial responsibility to care for a needy female relative. A man was once brought to the Prophet for trial because he denied the existence of God. It also was created, not incidentally, to glorify the triumph of the new religion. So they stood between her and life until they thought that some verses had come to address men to the exclusion of women. Tweet. Unlike the Gregorian calendar and others based on the astronomical solar year—the length of time it takes for the earth to revolve around the sun—the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar year. Nor was the fact that it is not possible for any community of the Islamic Ummah, in any country, to adopt this culture and remain part of the Islamic Ummah or to continue to be described as a Muslim community. As in Western legal codes, individual responsibility is predicated on the intent and motive of the actor in light of his ability to do good and to avoid evil or harm to others. Qur'an 49:13, "Jahimah came to the Prophet, said 'O Messenger of Allah! Social structure in the Islamic Empire was less strict than other empires', such as the Medieval Europeans', but it was still there. It is therefore not sufficient to be pious without performing deeds which demonstrate one's beliefs. Serve God, and join not any partners with Him; and do good—To parents, orphans, those in need, neighbours who are near, neighbours who are strangers; the companion by your side, the way-farer (ye meet), and what your right hands possess: For God loveth not the arrogant, the vainglorious;— Noted for her education and intelligence, in particular her ability to read and write, she was often consulted about the teachings of the Prophet after his death. Middle East Institute The Islamic Economic System is the system which outlines how to gain wealth, invest it, spend and distribute it justly and also how to achieve financial equality among the people. It is difficult to appreciate the different aspects of Islamic polity without fully understanding these three I will therefore begin with a brief exposition of what they are. Islamic economy is not a separate study but rather a part of the general Islamic system of organizing different aspects of life in the society. Their lack of awareness of the intrinsic difference between the Islamic and Western cultures led to transference and imitation. Tibetan Muslim sisters in the doorway of their home in Lhasa. That is why the social system is confined to the system which demonstrates the organisation of the woman's meeting with the man and vice versa, and organises the woman's relationship with the man and vice versa. In contemporary Muslim society, in fact, women have attained the same levels of education as men and in many countries occupy positions of power and influence. Thus, all of this served to distance people away from the Shari'ah rules and obscure the aspect of social system in the minds of the Muslims. View socialsystemofislam-190426034552.pdf from AA 11 Contents 1.1 Introduction to Society . Islam, founded on individual and collective morality and responsibility, introduced a social revolution in the context in which it was first revealed. Although a husband has the right to divorce his wife unilaterally—a right not shared by women—a wife can divorce her husband on specific legal grounds by court order. I intended that I should enlist in the fighting force and I have come to consult thee.' As a result of this new status and the revolution it worked on Arab society—women became pillars of early Muslim society and were counted among its strongest supporters. All of this was due to a failure in studying Islam intellectually and not understanding the Islamic social system. So a group or rather groups were formed which called for the obligation of protecting Muslim women and safeguarding the virtues in society. The lunar calendar is comprised of 12 lunar months like the calendar based on the solar year. So they started to transfer from and imitate western culture until the Islamic character was erased from many quarters of Muslims cities. All of them proceeded on the path of transferring and imitating western culture. This is because the issue of the relationship between the two sexes became obscure in the minds of many Muslims. Qur'an 4:36, "Actions are but by intention and every man shall have but that which he intended." Yes, they witnessed this and consequently believed that Muslim women should stand alongside men in society and meet with them, regardless of the consequences. 2. They went to the extreme, holding the view that a woman has the right to be in seclusion (Khalwa) with a man as she wished, or that she can go out with her 'Awrah uncovered wearing whatever she pleased. See Article History Islamic caste, any of the units of social stratification that developed among Muslims in India and Pakistan as a result of the proximity of Hindu culture. Above all, Islam seeks to inculcate within every Muslim the need to seek justice and to apply it to himself as well as to others. We have created you male and female and have made you nations and tribes that ye may know one another. Such are the people of truth, the God-fearing. Qur'an 2:177, "Whosoever of you sees an evil action, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart—and that is the weakest of faith." Jumada al-Thani However, in the beginning, such people were a minority and the Ummah did not initially accept their call. The social aspect continued in a confused state until the Muslim woman became bewildered. Collective morality is expressed in the Qur'an in such terms as equality, justice, fairness, brotherhood, mercy, compassion, solidarity, and freedom of choice. Nothing in Islam prevents a woman from accomplishing herself or attaining her goals.
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