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railway station platform design

Platform 81 8.1 Introduction 81 8.2 Platform Types 83 8.3 Platform-Track Relationships 84 8.4 Connection to the station 85 8.5 Platform Length 87 8.6 Platform Width 88 8.7 Platform Height 89 8.8 Additional Dimensions and Clearances 90 8.9 Safety and Security 91 8.10 Accessibility 92 However, in the city unavailable for any operational reason. photo © Adrian Welch, Buildings / photos for the Contemporary Railway Station Architecture page welcome, photo : www.palladium.de, B.Burg / O. Schuh. Many people think accessibility is just about wheelchair ramps. Station Operations & Maintenance 5. photograph : Hufton + Crow T1. Flow-through platforms speed boarding and alighting and therefore reduce vehicle dwell time at the platform. The number of travellers per day has been estimated to 37,000, making it Sweden’s third busiest railway station. Licensed operators, including Network Rail must follow the Code, a The location addresses the relationship of the platform to the station buildings and the preference to avoid locating platforms on curves. Triangeln Train Station, Malmo, Sweden Design: Sweco Architects AB + KHR Arkitekter photo : Felix Gerlach Triangeln Train Station Building – … Island platforms are popular on twin-track routes and can provide for services in both directions from a single platform requiring only one set of supporting services (toilets, ticket offices, kiosks). When the city’s existing railway station building had to be replaced, as unsuitable for the demands of high-speed rail travel, Euro Liège TGV issued a request for proposals from European architects. Zaha Hadid Architects Integration of architectural elements such as the concourse canopies with associated ETFE pillows provide extensive weather protection to commuters whilst allowing natural daylight to filter through onto both the concourse level and underpass level below. image © gmp Architects INTRODUCTION 1.1 . Grand Central Station Building, Jubliee Line Buildings, London, UK Birmingham New Street, Nordpark Cable Railway Buildings, Austria However, in many cases the station’s main buildings are located on whichever side faces the town or village the station serves. Beijing Railway Station, Berlin Hauptbahnhof station, Germany Nicholas Grimshaw and Partners An alternative arrangement is to position side platforms on either side of the tracks. 7.6 Sustainable Design 79 7.7 Accessibility 80 8. Triangeln Train Station, Malmo, Sweden photo © ap plan gmbh John McAslan + Partners Then there are the state requirements, which may add a little twist. The historic section of King’s Cross was designed by architect Lewis … Triangeln Train Station Building – 10 Apr 2013 Coordination with roadways and parking is also required to ensure usability. Seating, waiting rooms and shelters ... all passenger train and station operators in Great Britain. Farrells King’s Cross Station, London. English: This train station-related category should only hold images where the platform or the platform design is a central element.If other parts of the train station dominate the image, then it should be sorted into a more generic category, respectively only sorted into … von Gerkan, Marg and Partners Architects (gmp) • Number of platforms (dependent on the ... and number of station platforms for all stations. Built in 2009 to accommodate Belgium's new high-speed rail network, the current Liège-Guillemins station by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava has to be one of the world's most dramatic-looking railway stations with its vaulted glass and steel canopy that dips and rises over the station's five platforms. “The transformation of King’s Cross station by John McAslan + Partners (JMP) represents a compelling piece of place-making for London. Grimshaw / Arcadis Architecten photo : Felix Gerlach The original development application was for a single island (two platform) station. 4.4 station agent booth 4.5 service gate 4.6 automatic fare collection 4.7 patron amenities and concessions 4.8 employee facilities 5. platform 5.1 general 5.2 configuration 5.3 size 5.4 clearances 5.5 platform edge detection 5.6 station platform emergency third rail trip station 5.7 slope 5.8 circulation GENERAL This section discusses platform requirements at commuter rail stations. Grimshaw Following their success in winning first prize in an international competition, the architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (gmp) have been commissioned to design the new southern railway station in Hangzhou. Reed and Stem; Warren and Wetmore Five new platform faces and a new transfer bridge were unveiled on Tuesday 2nd April, making interchange at the station simpler, quicker and easier. This has seen some changes to the overall station design and the public space opportunities around the station. The structure also allows an open and spacious environment with a single line of column supports freeing up visual and physical obstructions on the concourse level. Gerkan, Marg & Partners Five new platform faces and a new transfer bridge were unveiled on Tuesday 2nd April, making interchange at the station simpler, quicker and easier. A side platform is the more usual type, alongside tracks where the train arrives from one end and leaves towards the other. The design shall incorporate a family of station parts and furnishings that are interchangeable. von Gerkan, Marg and Partners Architects (gmp) An island platform (also center platform, centre platform) is a station layout arrangement where a single platform is positioned between two tracks within a railway station, tram stop or transitway interchange. Foster + Partners They are also useful within larger stations where local and express services for the same direction of travel can be provided from opposite sides of the same platform thereby simplifying transfers between the two. Jubliee Line Station Buildings, New Street Gateway, Birmingham, England Design: various architects On the other hand, island platform subway stations allow passengers to use any station entrance, and it eliminates the need for some signage, as well as eliminating the need to construct a crossover or crossunder between two platforms. There are four main issues to be addressed in the station platform design: location, size, access, and amenities. photo © Christian Gahl station design issues pertaining to the way the layout and infrastructure items will influence pedestrian flow operations with level of service (LOS) and congestion, were investigated. Flow-through platforms are not typically used due to cost and operational considerations, but they may have applications where very high passenger volumes and/or unique passenger characteristics (e.g., a high percentage of passengers with bags) require that the station designer minimize cross-flows on the platform and dwell times. P URPOSE OF T ECHNICAL M EMORANDUM The purpose of this technical memorandum is to define station platform design criteria that establish consistency and promote safe and efficient operations for high-speed rail train service. We have 3 pages of Railway Station Architecture selections. To the south of the building a large and open station forecourt covers a wide area which gives credence to the importance and dimension of this railway station. Since then the project now includes an additional platform to support the Morley-Ellenbrook Line connection. Reading Station Building – 16 Apr 2013 The railway station in Hamburg-Barmbek is one of the city’s most important traffic hubs with 60,000 passengers passing through on every working day. Segregation of activities on a railway station The design of a commuter friendly station premise includes more than just the main functions of traditional areas, platforms, and trains. Station – Includes guidance for all station design issues, including space programming, functional relationships, circulation elements and materials and finishes. Train station design needs to meet the Department of Transportation’s ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities. Metro’s Systemwide Station Design reflects the safer, smarter, cleaner and greener future of public transportation options within Los Angeles County. Integrated station and platform design combines form with function to deliver inspiring infrastructure supporting your rail network and associated facilities, whilst providing a user friendly environment for rail travelers. photo © Isabelle Lomholt Santiago Calatrava Architect High Speed Rail Phase 2 / 243 of train serving the station. Platform – Includes guidance for the platforms and canopies. An island platform has through platforms on both sides; it may be indented on one or both ends, with bay platforms. This configuration allows a narrower station plan (or footprint) horizontally, at the expense of a deeper (or higher) vertical elevation, because sets of tracks and platforms are stacked above each other. Design: Grimshaw Whether your business is to design new railway stations or operate and maintain existing stations, Bentley provides the solution by combining unique architectural building and structural features that are optimized to improve rail travel. The platform accommodating 3 and 4 is an “island” platform. A side platform is a platform positioned to the side of a pair of tracks at a railway station, a tram stop or a transitway. Platforms – platform design .....173 6 Code of Practice Version 04 – March 2015 . Railway Stations, Buildings, Interiors, Designs, Architects, Architecture, Photos, Major Rail Architecture + Transportation Projects from around the world. An island platform (also center platform, centre platform) is a station layout arrangement where a single platform is positioned between two tracks within a railway station, tram stop or transitway interchange. Nordpark Cable Railway, Innsbruck, St Pancras, London, UK Nunawading Railway Station, Melbourne, Australia a dead-end or siding. Hangzhou South Railway Station – 21 Mar The city of Liège is now a major node in the European high-speed rail network. Almost all rail stations have some form of platform, with larger stations having mult     iple platforms. Integral to station layout are its platforms, which are tied to passenger capacity and railway timetables. Station Costs 7. pedestrian walkways) under the railway line may also pose vandalism and security problems. photo : Helene Binet Also, according to Indian Railway manual 2009, Creation of Station Volumes by means of number & size of platforms, size & location of concourse etc. Berlin Hauptbahnhof redevelopment, Bijlmer Station, Amsterdam, Holland Tianjin West Railway Station image : Foster + Partners Most stations with two side platforms have an ‘Up’ platform which is used by trains heading towards the primary destination of the line, with the other platform being the ‘Down’ platform which takes trains heading the opposite way. Houses icons, simple and thin line design train station platform stock illustrations. The portals of the eastern and western sides of the curved hall are symmetrically framed by arcades. The station in Alliance, Ohio, is based on … photo : www.palladium.de, B.Burg / O. Schuh A pair of side platforms are often provided on a dual track line with a single side platform being sufficient for a single track line. • Platform length (train length defined by train capacity requirement). The focus is on contemporary Railway Station buildings but information on traditional railway stations is also welcome. Straight Platform Construction In OO gauge the platform needs to be approximately 15mm high if you are using Peco Code 100 track from the base of the sleeper. image from architect This diagram illustrates different types of platform. On commuter raillines, passengers tend to use trains in one direction in the morning and the other direction in the evening. Where a road crosses the railway, a very popular position for the main station buildings is on the road bridge, with long ramps leading down to the platforms below. Island platforms allow facilities such as escalators, elevators, shops, toilets and waiting rooms to be shared between both tracks rather than being duplicated or present only on one side. The project involves the conversion and extension of the station in the Xiao Shan district to the south of the Qiantang river; after the eastern and main railway stations it will be the third largest railway station of this metropolis. Just a quick vid to show how i build the platfroms for Everard Junction. photo : SNCF – AREP / M. Vigneau Where two rails lines cross or run parallel for a time, split platforms are sometimes used in a hybrid arrangement that allows for convenient cross-platform interchange between trains running in the same general direction. William Henry Barlow Australian Station building, Waterloo Building, London, UK Foster + Partners With two side platforms, one platform becomes crowded while the other is deserted. ap plan mory osterwalder vielmo gmbh photograph © Nigel Young In some situations a single side platform can be served by multiple vehicles simultaneously with ascissors crossing provided to allow access mid-way along its length. Gare Saint-Lazare Train Station Building, Paris, France Station Design 3. Station designers are encouraged to feedback challenges through the principal architect and professional head for buildings and architecture to help steer R&D investment. The architects have highlighted the bridge function between the city quarters with a 57 meter high and nearly 400 meter long barrel vault roof above the terminal concourse. Station Safety & Security 6. An alternative arrangement is to use an island platform where a single platform is sandwiched between a pair of tracks which divide to accommodate the platform. We cover completed buildings, new building designs and architecture competitions across the world. Tianjin West Railway Station, China To ensure a neat join between the track and the platform lay the track onto 1/8" Almost all stations have some form of platform, with larger stations having multiple platforms. The second phase of the Grimshaw designed Reading station redevelopment opened to passengers last week. Passengers were forced to climb up to trains, usually with the help of a plentiful staff and portable steps carried on vehicles. Trains serving a bay platform must reverse in or out. Hamburg-Barmbek Station – 3 Apr 2012 Exiting subway train People congestion when motion blurred travellers departs subway train at platform. Island platforms are popular in the modern railway world for several reasons. An island platform makes it easier for wheelchair users and the infirm to change services, but it means that on a station at ground level, it is impossible to reach the platform without using a bridge, underpass, or track crossing. picture © AW Where the station is close to a level crossing (grade crossing) the platforms may either be on the same side of the crossing road or alternatively may be staggered in one of two ways. 2. picture © Adrian Welch Platform length is simply a function of the size . photograph © Adrian Welch King’s Cross Concourse – 14 Mar A railway platform is an area alongside a railway track providing convenient access to trains. Railway Stations : news + key projects (this page). Dresden Railway Station, Florence TAV, Italy With the ‘near-side platforms’ configuration, each platform appears before the intersection and with ‘far-side platforms’ they are positioned after the intersection. 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