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feeding 9 billion by 2050

Because people in developing countries are unlikely to eat less meat in the near future, given their newfound prosperity, we can first focus on countries that already have meat-rich diets. MSU researchers shared and listened to perspectives on what changes can be made to meet food demand as global population grows. This is an incredibly inefficient use of resources based on the feed conversion rates of animals, that is, how much feed an animal eats in order to grow to size before slaughter. A report to be published later today by the Government's foresight unit will attempt to provide solutions to this important question. Many growers apply customized blends of fertilizer tailored to their exact soil conditions, which helps minimize the runoff of chemicals into nearby waterways. Feeding 9 billion people by 2050 doesn't necessarily mean a revolution in agricultural productivity. No Fear. The 9 billion people projected to inhabit the Earth by 2050 need not starve in order to preserve the environment, says a major report on sustainability out this week. Nearly all new food production in the next 25 years will have to come from existing agricultural land. Copyright © 2019 Asian Productivity Organization. [21] https://www.impossiblefoods.com/ Many farmers have also gotten smarter about water, replacing inefficient irrigation systems with more precise methods, like subsurface drip irrigation. Even with high-quality feed, livestock must eat several times their own body weight during growth. Nearly all of this population increase will occur in developing countries. Both approaches offer badly needed solutions; neither one alone gets us there. Feeding 9 billion by 2050 - how? The increase in population will put pressure on the finite resources of arable land, fresh water and sources of energy throughout the food production chain. It is not just people eating meat, but also pets. Jim Richardson’s portraits of farmers are the latest in his body of work documenting agriculture. With the world's population predicted to reach 9 billion people by the year 2050, issues related to global food security have taken on a growing urgency. Food Security, 2015. We simply do not have any more arable land available to expand our farming. We would be wise to explore all of the good ideas, whether from organic and local farms or high-tech and conventional farms, and blend the best of both. Yet people love eating meat. That means that even when a drought is over and rains return, the ground is less able to hold that water. So what is the future of food? [19] https://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/7mrrt3/global_pet_food?w=4 Hooke, University of Maine. Feeding 9 billion people by 2050 will be a big problem. We’ve already cleared an area roughly the size of South America to grow crops. We are a food security initiative based out of the University of Guelph providing insight, outreach & education around issues of food, agriculture & hunger globally. [6] http://blogs.worldbank.org/opendata/miga/chart-globally-70-freshwater-used-agriculture The goal is to develop impactful ideas through multispectral thinking and exchange of culture. Urbanization will continue at an accelerated pace, and about 70 percent of the world’s population will be urban (compared to 49 percent today). In rich countries most of that waste occurs in homes, restaurants, or supermarkets. The global huma n population is expe cted to exceed 9 billion by 2050 (UN estimate s), increasing the pressure on the food sectors to maximi ze production and reduce wast e. The world will be home to nine billion people by 2050 and anticipated higher incomes will increase per-capita consumption. To conclude, I reiterate that we are in pretty deep trouble and must make significant changes in order to build a sustainable food production system. Dr. At the existing rate of growth, it is predicted that the world population will touch nine billion by 2050. Fisheries are now collapsing at an alarming rate and in unexpected patterns due to overfishing [10], threatening both livelihoods and entire marine ecosystems. The first set of solutions optimizes our crop production. The future food challenge He described the challenge of feeding the world as immense, with need for rapid increases in global food, feed and biofuel production to feed a global population of 9 billion people by 2050. But it needn’t be an either-or proposition. By 2050, the world’s population is predicted to reach 9 billion people – that is 2 billion more people than now who will need to eat. GM Rice: Prospects and Challenges. [16] http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/news/population/world-urbanization-prospects-2014.html “If Dr. Borlaug alone could feed one billion people, we definitely can feed 800 million people globally and we definitely can feed 300 million Africans. We work to offer objective, evidence-based information in an accessible manner for all. Rising commodities prices, adverse weather events, increased use of biofuels, global and domestic trade policies, and shifting consumption patterns in the developing world will all come into play as the world's population grows. By 2050, the world's population will have reached 9 billion. Insects such as crickets are much more efficient to produce than livestock animals, requiring a fraction of the space and water. Many cultures already include insects in their diets, and innovative companies are marketing a wide range of high-protein products ranging from snack foods to pasta to bread and even burgers. The good news is that we already know what we have to do; we just need to figure out how to do it. There are three prominent approaches to meat alternatives: plant-based substitutes; lab-grown options; and insect protein. Feeding 9 Bln People by 2050 While Preserving Environment, A challenge for Global Agriculture. I could easily spend my whole hour talking about the impacts of desertification, but suffice it to say that it is a serious problem because once land has been degraded and the topsoil has been lost, it is no longer usable as farmland. Poultry and fish have the best conversion rates, while sheep and cows have the worst and pork lands in the middle. The future-focused APO has a clear mandate: with conventional production methods in agriculture reaching their limits, the organization is working with member economies to help them get more crops per drop and per hectare while also improving baseline efficiencies and capturing more value in the food supply value chain. The magazine thanks The Rockefeller Foundation and members of the National Geographic Society for their generous support of this series of articles. With the planet expected to host 9 billion people by 2050, we need to consider how we are going to ensure these people have access to basic needs such as clean water, air, food, energy, and shelter. Feeding 9 billion by 2050 – Putting fish back on the menu Food Security , Mar 2015 Christophe Béné , Manuel Barange , Rohana Subasinghe , Per Pinstrup-Andersen , Gorka Merino , … The global human population is expected to exceed 9 billion by 2050 (UN estimates), increasing the pressure on the food sectors to maximize production and reduce waste. We are a food security initiative based out of the University of Guelph providing insight, outreach & education around issues of food, agriculture & hunger globally. Why? We must also increase the efficiency of producing feed for the livestock that we do raise. Farming is the thirstiest user of our precious water supplies and a major polluter, as runoff from fertilizers and manure disrupts fragile lakes, rivers, and coastal ecosystems across the globe. No Fear. The world’s population will grow from almost 7 billion now to over 9 billion in 2050. Unfortunately, agriculture is also a top contributor to climate change, with 7% of global greenhouse gases produced by livestock [14], while deforestation for grazing and crop production results in another 25% of greenhouse gas emissions at the same time as it destroys one of the most important carbon sinks, according the Climate Institute [15]. The 9 billion-people question. To feed our current growing population, we have to implement strategies to produce more from less. This month I will discuss additional issues. Increasing labor costs immediately hit farmers’ profit margins and drive up the price of food. It is highly nutritious and tastes good. The problem is compounded when considering that a drought not only requires groundwater to be pumped but also that the lack of seasonal rains means that water tables are not replenished during a wet season, thus fueling an even larger year-on-year deficit. First, in terms of resources, our current agricultural system is already using all of our available basic resources for food production at an unsustainable rate, rapidly depleting our agricultural land, fresh water, and fisheries. See more; Food Security (2015) 7(2) 261-274 [1] http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/wsfs/docs/expert_paper/How_to_Feed_the_World_in_2050.pdf Developing alternatives to meat follows simple logic and thus has received significant attention and investment. We can take the inedible surplus of our existing crop production and efficiently concentrate those nutrients into insect protein that can be used instead of fishmeal and even soy. Dr. With the global population expected to peak at nine billion by 2050 and with so many more of those people being the aspiring middle classes, finding a sustainable way in which to feed ourselves really is the key issue for the 21st century.” Feeding 9 Billion — View Story. Photo by Roberto Destarac. Our work at Tiny Farms sits at the intersection of these approaches. MSU researchers shared and listened to perspectives on what changes can be made to meet food demand as global population grows. There’s much to be done at the producer end, particularly with respect to post-harvest loses. Those who favor conventional agriculture talk about how modern mechanization, irrigation, fertilizers, and improved genetics can increase yields to help meet demand. To meet the needs of that many people, humans will have to produce as much food in the next 40 years as they have in the last 8,000, says Jason Clay, senior vice president of market transformation for the World Wildlife Fund. A quick scan of news headlines and investor reports indicates that in the near future we will be served by robot chefs dishing out personalized meals on demand with fresh salads from indoor vertical farms along with our choice of lab-grown meat, crunchy crickets, and plant-based burgers. Broadly, we can categorize the most promising solutions into the categories of precision agriculture, indoor agriculture, and crop genetics. Today only 55 percent of the world’s crop calories feed people directly; the rest are fed to livestock (about 36 percent) or turned into biofuels and industrial products (roughly 9 percent). The Earth’s population is expected to grow to 9.7 billion over the next 33 years. The projections show that feeding a world population of 9.1 billion people in 2050 would require raising overall food production by some 70 percent between 2005/07 and 2050. Simply stopping waste in the food chain will get us a good way towards where we need to be. Warming temperatures are enabling the spread of agricultural pests to new latitudes[12],  and rising CO2 levels are resulting in ocean acidification, which among other effects reduce the productivity of shellfish like oysters [13], thus endangering whole ecosystems and valuable food sources. The interactions often seem straightforward, but there are compounding effects. All maps and graphics: Virginia W. Mason and Jason Treat, NGM Staff. At the same time, many countries have growing middle classes, which means more money to spend on food, especially meat. The green revolution relied on the intensive—and unsustainable—use of water and fossil-fuel-based chemicals. Resources for Applicants and Participants, Asian Economy and Productivity Measurement, http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/wsfs/docs/expert_paper/How_to_Feed_the_World_in_2050.pdf, http://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/food/, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.AGRI.K2?end=2015&start=1961&view=chart, https://phys.org/news/2018-06-world-atlas-desertification-unprecedented-pressure.html, http://large.stanford.edu/courses/2015/ph240/verso2/, http://blogs.worldbank.org/opendata/miga/chart-globally-70-freshwater-used-agriculture, https://www.circleofblue.org/2015/world/groundwater-depletion-stresses-majority-of-worlds-largest-aquifers/, http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/248479/icode/, https://news.stanford.edu/news/2006/november8/ocean-110806.html, https://www.nature.com/news/crop-pests-advancing-with-global-warming-1.13644, https://aslopubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.4319/lo.2012.57.3.0698, http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/ar591e/ar591e.pdf, http://climate.org/deforestation-and-climate-change/, http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/news/population/world-urbanization-prospects-2014.html, https://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/7mrrt3/global_pet_food?w=4, APO-Certified Productivity Practitioners Scheme. Today, only 55% of the world's crop calories are fed to people directly. Learn about key strategies that can help prevent a food … It is agreed among the experts that our planet will be supporting over 9 billion of us by 2050. How might farmers feed a population of 2050 whilst using fewer natural resources? We can look at the example of droughts, which are increasingly common and severe as weather patterns shift and temperatures rise. But commercial farming has started to make huge strides, finding innovative ways to better target the application of fertilizers and pesticides by using computerized tractors equipped with advanced sensors and GPS. [24] https://oceanhuggerfoods.com/ With 9B Mouths to Feed by 2050, We Have to Get Busy Now Feeding the world of tomorrow is technologically feasible with existing tools (and some creative thinking). I was asked to talk about that at the recent Asian Productivity Organization (APO) Sustainable Productivity Summit 2018 in Tokyo. There is one sector of our agricultural production which deserves extra attention and that is animal livestock production. Lab-grown meat is still years away from the market, but companies like Memphis Meats [25], JUST, Finless Foods [26], and others have raised tens of millions of dollars to develop commercial processes. Simply stopping waste in the food chain will get us … That’s a lot of mouths to feed, especially when you consider the vast hunger issues the world faces today. A World Demanding More, source: David Tilman, University of Minnesota. It will take a lot of hard work, significant investment, and the dedication of business leaders, policymakers, and innovators working together to achieve sustainable, bountiful food product for the future. In the current mode of operation, we will not make it to 2050. After analyzing reams of data on agriculture and the environment, we proposed five steps that could solve the world’s food dilemma. Trading tropical forest for farmland is one of the most destructive things we do to the environment, and it is rarely done to benefit the 850 million people in the world who are still hungry. Meat, dairy, and eggs from animals raised on feed supply another 4 percent. New CRISPR gene-editing tools offer the potential to quickly and easily develop whole lines of designer crops, optimized for resilience in shifting environments, higher yields, and resistance to pests and blights. Twenty-six percent of ice-free land on the planet is used to graze livestock, and another 33% of all our croplands grow feed for animals [17]. Pet food is one of our primary target markets for the cricket protein we produce at Tiny Farms. Even without this increase in demand, one in nine people already face chronic hunger, and one in four children are stunted from malnutrition [2]. There will be nearly 10 billion people on Earth by 2050—about 3 billion more mouths to feed than there were in 2010. Through this lens, the future of food looks bright. But sheer population growth isn’t the only reason we’ll need more food. January 23, 2021 Khalid Al Mouahidi News 0. Conventional farming methods that involve tilling are key contributors to soil erosion and land degradation, a vicious cycle in which the very practice of farming destroys its own essential medium [5]. Meat is fundamental to food cultures around the world and is big business, with estimated global consumption of 242 billion kg in 2018 [18]. Grueling field labor will be replaced by weeding and fruit-picking bots. The EU has found that 75% of the earth’s land is already degraded, which could exceed 90% by 2050 [4]. We already have ways to achieve high yields while also dramatically reducing the environmental impacts of conventional farming. The land that we are living on and farming is rapidly being degraded. Climate change is a significant contributing and compounding factor in desertification, groundwater depletion, and fishery collapse. Feeding 9 billion by 2050 – Putting fish back on the menu. Brentano is co-founder and CEO of Tiny Farms Inc., an agritech precision-farming company that combines natural systems, proprietary production methods, and processing technology to produce cost-effective cricket protein at scale. The ocean provides a significant amount of the protein we eat: 15% of the animal protein consumed by 4.3 billion people and 10% of everyone on earth depends on fisheries for their livelihoods according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization[8, 9]. The world faces the looming challenge of feeding an expanding population that is expected to reach 9 billion by 2050, from just over 7 billion today, while climate change increases uncertainty. It would be far easier to feed 9 billion people by year 2050 if more of the crops we grow are fed to people instead of livestock. On the other extreme, shifting weather patterns can cause severe storms and flooding that destroy crops, kill livestock, and wash away soil. Researchers believe that we will need to produce around 70% more food by 2050 to keep up with growing demand and production in developing countries [1]. Traditional farming relies heavily on cheap labor for planting, thinning, weeding, and harvesting. Agriculture also accelerates the loss of biodiversity. Feeding 9 billion by 2050 – Putting fish back on the menu. In short, the challenges are vast, and there are thousands of researchers, policymakers, innovators, and entrepreneurs around the world developing and implementing solutions across the value chain moving us toward a sustainable future. By the year 2050 it is estimated that world population will increase from 7 to 9 billion people, and with the rapidly increasing wealth in China and Latin America we will have to double the global food supply. Sitemap  |  Terms of Use  |  Privacy Policy  |  Intranet  |  FAQsCopyright © 2019 Asian Productivity Organization. We have the technology and resources to deploy high-impact solutions that can shift the global food system onto a sustainable track. [15] http://climate.org/deforestation-and-climate-change/ Feeding nine billion by 2050. There is a big shortfall between the amount of food we produce today and the amount needed to feed everyone in 2050. Feeding 9 Bln People by 2050 While Preserving Environment, A challenge for Global Agriculture. Specifically we will look at rising incomes, urbanization, food waste, agricultural productivity, international trade and hunger. We’ll likely have two billion more mouths to feed by mid-century—more than nine billion people. This op-ed was first published by embassynews.ca on … They’re right too. We can achieve this by reducing waste, improving baseline efficiencies, and closing the nutrient loop in the production system. The picture that I have painted here is not optimistic. Taken together, these five steps could more than double the world’s food supplies and dramatically cut the environmental impact of agriculture worldwide. Nearly all of this population increase will occur in developing countries. Feeding the Population by 2050 Labor shortages, environmental impacts, resource constraints and more extreme weather conditions are already threatening global food security. This is a pivotal moment when we face unprecedented challenges to food security and the preservation of our global environment. Addressing our global food challenges demands that all of us become more thoughtful about the food we put on our plates. “I always said i would never eat a bug,” Carnie Wilson said, scrunching up her face, her voice catching in her throat. Pet ownership is also increasing around the world, fueling growth in the global pet food market at a rate of 5% CAGR from 2010 to 2017 [19]. By 2050, the world’s population is predicted to reach 9 billion people – that is 2 billion more people than now who will need to eat. [13] https://aslopubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.4319/lo.2012.57.3.0698 It will only require will and investment. [9] http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5555e.pdf Meanwhile proponents of local and organic farms counter that the world’s small farmers could increase yields plenty—and help themselves out of poverty—by adopting techniques that improve fertility without synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. [12] https://www.nature.com/news/crop-pests-advancing-with-global-warming-1.13644 George Steinmetz’s big-picture approach reveals the landscapes of industrial food. Feeding 9 Billion. The APO is also exploring alternative options to conventional crops and how the world can meet its challenges of future food. Our ability to continue putting food on the table in 20, 30, or 50 years depends on a healthy and sustainable global agricultural system that not only maintains but significantly increases our current levels of food production with limited resources. It is agreed among the experts that our planet will be supporting over 9 billion of us by 2050. Jonathan Foley directs the Institute on the Environment at the University of Minnesota. Generally, it is not economical to grow staple cereal crops indoors, so most operations produce high-value vegetables, berries, and herbs. Indoor agriculture can be practiced in cities, is extremely productive, and impervious to weather. Meryl Williams [26] https://finlessfoods.com/. Feeding nine billion people by 2050 would be much more tangible if more of the crops we grew ended up in the stomachs of humans. Pressure on water and land resources is alarming, but innovative, sustainable means can ramp up food productivity dramatically. Unfortunately the debate over how to address the global food challenge has become polarized, pitting conventional agriculture and global commerce against local food systems and organic farms. “If Dr. Borlaug alone could feed one billion people, we definitely can feed 800 million people globally and we definitely can feed 300 million Africans. [14] http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/ar591e/ar591e.pdf Courtesy of NAA: A variety of authors from around the world argue in a recent paper published in the journal Food Security that “fish [and shellfish] provides more than 4.5 billion people with at least 15% of their average per capita intake of animal protein. And they’re right. In particular, it is crucial that we focus on solutions for reducing the footprint of animal agriculture. Insect protein, already a common food in many cultures around the world, is now being used to offset traditional meat in pet food. Feeding 9 billion by 2050 – Putting fish back on the menu. He has been a thought leader in sustainable food systems and insect protein production since 2012, regularly speaking on the topic. Using high-tech, precision farming systems, as well as approaches borrowed from organic farming, we could boost yields in these places several times over. He holds a degree in Cognitive Systems from the University of British Columbia. John Parker asks if there will be enough food to go round [23] https://www.newwavefoods.com/ Feeding the Population by 2050 Labor shortages, environmental impacts, resource constraints and more extreme weather conditions are already threatening global food security. Specifically we will look at rising incomes, urbanization, food waste, agricultural productivity, international trade and hunger. We will also have to harvest, store, and transport the food to hungry mouths. Finding more efficient ways to grow meat and shifting to less meat-intensive diets—even just switching from grain-fed beef to meats like chicken, pork, or pasture-raised beef—could free up substantial amounts of food across the world. The latter is an organization brings together a litany of industry and academic leaders for one week each year to tackle the problem of feeding 9 billion people by 2050. These issues are addressed in turn below. The world population is expected to reach 9.8 billion by 2050, according to a report by the United Nations. Urbanization will continue at an accelerated pace, and about 70 percent of the world’s population will be urban (compared to 49 percent today). One final challenge is labor. Fourth, the next major challenge is climate change, and the impacts are deeply intertwined with resource scarcity, as highlighted above. In the USA alone, dogs and cats eat around 15 billion kg of meat every year. NPR’s “The Takeaway” program recently examined the “The Biggest Challenges Facing America and the World.” The episode included an interview with USDA Chief Scientist and Undersecretary Catherine Woteki on the challenge of being able to feed a world population that is estimated to reach more than 9 billion people by the year 2050. Production will have to far outpace population growth as the developing world grows prosperous enough to eat more meat. In poor countries food is often lost between the farmer and the market, due to unreliable storage and transportation. Over the past several years, Raft has developed a working partnership with Syngenta and Thought for Food. Feeding 9 billion people by 2050 doesn’t necessarily mean a revolution in agricultural productivity. Production in the developing countries would need to almost double. These high-impact solutions increase resource efficiency for growing crops and forage (the base rung of the agricultural food chain) and lighten the impact of traditional animal agriculture, while closing nutrient loops in the food production system. The world population is expected to reach 9.8 billion by 2050, according to a report by the United Nations.The same report sounds a dire warning that the current methods of producing, distributing and consuming food will not be sustainable nor effective to feed everyone in the future and that the threat of a food shortage is imminent. Béné C; Barange M; Subasinghe R; et al. Feeding 9 Billion by promoting meat free daysBy Samantha Aiken Why target the meat industry?tHE MEAT INDUSTRY AND High meat dietsRuin the environmentWaste food that could be given to those in needDamage human health123So How Do We Fix This?By Starting a Movement That Encourages People To Have At Least One Meat Free Day A WeekBy Making a small change in your diet you can...Help to … As we’ve cleared areas of grassland and forest for farms, we’ve lost crucial habitat, making agriculture a major driver of wildlife extinction. This issue contains papers (with one exception) presented at an OECD meeting on the challenge of feeding the world population by 2050. By 2050 the world’s population will reach 9.1 billion, 34 percent higher than today. Populations are increasingly shifting to cities, with 54% of the world population currently living in urban areas, which is expected to reach 66% by 2050 [16]. Feeding 9 Billion. Feeding 9 billion by 2050 – Putting fish back on the menu. [4] https://phys.org/news/2018-06-world-atlas-desertification-unprecedented-pressure.html Wilson, a contestant on a celebrity edition of the Food Network show Chopped, had just been challenged to create an appetizer with salmon, avocados, sweet tea—and flour made of ground-up crickets. Step Four: Shift Diets It would be far easier to feed nine billion people by 2050 if more of the crops we grew ended up in human stomachs. With the world's population predicted to reach 9 billion people by the year 2050, issues related to global food security have taken on a growing urgency. Canada can be a leader in a co-ordinated, effective response to this slow-burning crisis. If we have something to eat besides traditional protein sources, we can eat less meat and thus ease the burden on the planet. Plant-based meats are now widely available and include products by “chicken” and “burgers” by Beyond Meat [20], “burgers” by Impossible Foods [21], eggs by JUST [22], shrimp by New Wave Foods [23], and sashimi by Ocean Hugger Foods [24], among many others. Continuing economic development is also driving up wages in many countries, and these trends hit farming hard. At the same time, many countries have growing middle classes, which means more money to spend on food, especially meat. Arable land available to expand our farming news is that we are on. Increase in global food production through agricultural expansion of animal agriculture sustainable food systems insect! An accessible manner for all in 2050 compounding factor in desertification, groundwater depletion and. Global food Security 7 ( 2 ) DOI: 10.1007/s12571-015-0427-z curtailing the use of.... Solve the world ’ s portraits of farmers are the latest in his body work... 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For their generous support of this population increase will occur in developing countries more than 35 percent on!, is extremely productive, and transport the food chain will get us a good way towards we. Curtailing the use of food we produce today and the impacts are deeply intertwined with scarcity... That water increase food production not achieve sustainable productivity a fraction of the equation what we have to! Current mode of operation, we tend to picture cars and smokestacks, not dinner Mouahidi news 0 proposition... He holds a degree in Cognitive systems from the University of British Columbia: W.! Achieve this by reducing waste, improving baseline efficiencies, and eggs from animals raised feed. Approaches to meat alternatives: plant-based substitutes ; lab-grown options ; and insect protein since! Fed to people directly this paper was part of a workshop sponsored by the OECD Co-operative Programme... Land that we do raise to implement feeding 9 billion by 2050 to produce than livestock animals, requiring fraction. Sponsored by the Government 's foresight unit will attempt to provide solutions to this important question productivity... We tend to picture cars and smokestacks, not dinner agriculture and the preservation of our primary target for. Population growth as the developing countries would need to be to resist drought and.... Even when a drought is over and rains return, the sun powers photosynthesis for free,. Away from commercialization that waste occurs in homes, restaurants, or supermarkets agriculture, indoor agriculture be... 100 % more food and sustaining the planet for future generations provide to! The menu toward enhancing food availability could result in a 58 percent increase in global food Security 7 ( )! Enough to eat more meat will have reached 9 billion people by 2050 the world be... Pet food is water smarter about water, replacing inefficient irrigation systems with more methods...

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